The Curvilinear Relationship Between Digitalization and Export Propensity: The Role of Home Country Corruption (with Joan-Lluis Capelleras Segura and Victor Martin-Sanchez) - Reject and Resubmit at Journal of Business Venturing -Best Paper in International Entrepreneurship Track at ISBE 2021
Digitalization has nowadays a significant impact on business international expansion. The arising digital technology is leveraging the potential collaboration and collective intelligence to achieve its internationalization. However, although the topic is timely and relevant, the role of digitalization on international expansion remains inconclusive. To bridge the above gap and starting from dynamic intertwined views, we develop theoretical explanations for curvilinear relationships between digitalization and SMEs’ export propensity across 42 emerging economies and 17,198 observations from 2006 to 2011. Furthermore, we also take into account the moderating role of home country corruption on this curvilinear relationship. Our findings support the inverted U-shaped relationship between digitalization and export propensity and corruption also steepens such curvilinear relationship. Taken together, our study enhances understanding of the effects of digitalization on business internationalization, fills the current research gap in international entrepreneurship literature, and provides practical implications on how emerging market SMEs balance the payoffs among these curvilinear relationships.
Collaborative Innovation: A Solution to the Dilemma of Family Business Internationalization (with Joan-Lluis Capelleras Segura and Victor Martin-Sanchez)- Reject and Resubmit at Global Strategy Journal- Best Paper in International Entrepreneurship Track at ISBE 2022
This paper examines the effects of family management with respect to the process of firm internationalization: internationalization speed and internationalization scope, which has been long neglected by the family business and international business literature. Moreover, we also test the moderating role of collaborative innovation on the above relationships, confirming whether external knowledge resources help solve the paradox of family business internationalization (i.e., family management generally discourages internationalization). Using the longitudinal data (2002-2016) from 2592 Spanish manufacturing firms, we found that family management has significant influences on firms’ internationalization processes: negative to speed but positive to scope, which breaks our general understanding of family business internationalization. Surprisingly, collaborative innovation including diversity and intensity, does not always produce positive moderating role. Regarding internationalization speed, no any alleviating role to the negative effects of family business. However, it can strengthen the family management’s positive effects on internationalization scope. These findings highlight the contingencies of family management and collaborative innovation on firm’s internationalization processes, enriching the family business internationalization and innovation literature.